What is OCD and how to treat it

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts, compulsive behaviors, or both. People with OCD often feel the need to check and recheck things, have unwanted and intrusive thoughts, feel compelled to perform certain rituals or routines, and have difficulty concentrating.

Treatment for OCD typically includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly used to reduce anxiety and obsessive thoughts. Exposure and response prevention (ERP) is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that can help people with OCD reduce their compulsive behaviors by gradually exposing themselves to the things they fear and then learning to respond to them in a different way. Other types of psychotherapy, such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can also be helpful in treating OCD.


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